||The Ministry of National Defence (MND) implemented the “Combat Force Service Allowance” and “Retention Subsidy” policies starting from April 1, 2015. Under this background, this study focuses on active voluntary service soldiers who currently serve at a basic-level naval combat force of Taiwan. Using the qualitative research method, 6 out of the 12 units under the jurisdiction of the basic-level combat force were selected, and all 40 voluntary service soldiers in these units were interviewed to explore the policies’ effect on the soldier’s willingness to stay in the military and analyze the actual factors that affect this willingness. The results of the study are as follows:|
First, the soldiers interviewed were generally unfamiliar with these policies. Their reasons for staying in the military include personal considerations among many other factors, and are not just merely directly related to these policies. The higher the soldier’s years of service, the better he/she understood the policies. The better the soldier understood the policies, the higher the impact that the policies had on his/her willingness to stay in the military. However, regardless of the level of understanding, the policies exerted a certain amount of influence on the soldiers’ willingness to stay in the military.
Second,the higher the soldier’s years of service, the lower their willingness to stay in the m ilitary.
Third, the more a soldier identifies with the mission of his/her unit, the higher their willingness to stay in the military. Most respondents identify themselves with their units and have higher retention willingness.
Forth,"wage" is the main reason the respondents gave for staying in the military. The specific suggestions they provided include wage increase (allowance, bonus), allowance adjustment proportional to salary adjustment, and increase of benefits.
Fifth,"Leadership style of superior officers" is the main reason that caused the respondents to resign from service. The specific suggestions they provided include reducing workload, an open, transparent and flawless channel for promotion and information, reducing administrative control, normalization of holiday leave, transparent and open dispatch of missions, reducing differences among ranks, broadening promotion standards and increasing available positions.