||British musical culture and piano manufacture have been flourishing since Classical period in the 18th century. The keyboard field was growing to form the London Pianoforte School (1776-1860), led by Muzio Clementi(1752-1836), Johann Baptist Cramer(1771-1858), and John Field(1782-1837). Their German-Austria training background has shown strong European tradition deeply rooted in British piano music. With the nature of being emotionally reserved, the development of British music in the 19th century gradually evolved to become a style of multiplicity. More and more British composers and performers were becoming internationally well-known in the music world. York Bowen(1884-1961) was one of them. He made a significant contribution to British piano music by mixing the compositional techniques from late-Romantic pianism and French Impressionism. Following the trace of J. S. Bach: Well-Tempered Clavier and Chopin: Preludes, Op. 28, the Twenty-four Preludes of Bowen are the combination of German-Austria, Russian and French musical styles. To music learners, this composition will be definitely worthy to be preformed and studied.|
The research contains two chapters. The first chapter introduces York Bowen’s life background and the compositional style of piano works, mainly from music critics’ point of view. The second chapter concentrates on discussing the historical background, compositional techniques, and thematic relationship of York Bowen Twenty-four Preludes, Op. 102. The mixture of different styles from other European composers will be displayed in the chart of thematic catalogue.