||In recent years, the advantages of conventional thermal power diminish due to the rising prices of fossil fuels, when carbon dioxide is recognized as the main cause of global warming. With the growth of economy and the world's population, renewable energy has become the mainstream of carbon reduction methods. To avoid the global warming, there are also carbon trading markets in some countries, but the air pollution of the buyers remains the same. Taiwan can't join any international carbon trading market, where the reduction of greenhouse gas emission of the power system can be done by the change of fuel ratio as an option.|
This thesis uses modified time-varying acceleration coefficient particle swarm optimization (MPSO-TVAC) method to solve the optimal power flow with CO2 cap, and considers the short-term, medium and long-term loading conditions. This thesis will also consider independent power producer (IPP), land and offshore wind turbines for evaluation. If the solution can't converge, this method will also evaluate the shorted capacity and the price of getting more renewable energy.