||The basis of totalitarian rule was established by the Communist revolution. The Communist Party was the core of the leadership and ruling power, implementing a strong centralized leadership on the state and society. After 1978, the reforming market economic and political system promoted the transformation of government functions. States left the space for the development of NGOs. It’s necessary to review the interaction among state, market, and society under the raising personal consciousness and the differentiating social benefits. Affected by the institutional environment, the development of NGOs in China also had Chinese characteristics. Government manages NGOs, and also strengthens the Communist Party’s leading power over NGOs. Various rules and norms made NGOs grow under control but lack of independence.|
With the increasing social forces, the rapid development of NGOs indeed affect the party’s mode of controlling society and ruling power. Building party cells within NGOs is taken seriously in recent years. The establishment of party cells has always been the way of the Communist Party to lead state and society. They convey party's line, principles and policies to NGOs and keep a close relationship with the public in order to maintain social stability and consolidate governing ability. However, there still are many problems in building party cells within NGOs. For example, party members’ high mobility, lacking of professional personnel and clear awareness, loose structure of party cells, too much temporary branch, shortage of financial and material resources, etc. Those situations make the work cannot be implemented effectively. For the Communist Party, it’s also a predicament need to break through.