||The main purpose of this study is to investigate the differences in junior high school students’ smartphone usage behavior, learning attitude as well as interpersonal relationships , and their correlations. |
This study employed the “questionnaire method.” It used a self-developed “Questionnaire on Junior High School Students’ Smartphone Behavior, Learning Attitude and Interpersonal Relationships” as its data collection tool and took the public junior high school students in Kaohsiung City as its research population. By adopting the proportionate stratified sampling method, 678 valid questionnaires were obtained. Through subjecting the data collected from the formal questionnaires to descriptive statistical analysis, independent sample t-tests, single factor variance analysis, Pearson product-difference correlation, and multiple stepwise regression, this study obtained the following conclusions：
1. The current state of smartphone usage behavior among junior high school students comes within the moderate to high frequency, with the highest score in the dimension of “recreational behavior.”
2. The current state of “learning attitude” among junior high school students comes within the medium to high level, with the highest score in the dimension of “learning process.”
3. The frequency of interpersonal interaction among junior high school students is currently at medium to high level, with the highest score in the dimension of “peer relationship.”
4. Girls, second year students, third year students and students whose phones have internet access with unlimited data plans have longer daily smartphone usage time. Those with high monthly smartphone access fees have more frequent smartphone usage behavior.
5. Learning attitude is better among junior high school students with short average daily smartphone usage time.
6. Female junior high school students have better interpersonal relationships.
7. Junior high school students with higher frequency of smartphone usage behavior have better personal relationships.
8.Smartphone usage behavior of junior high school students has a predictive effect on their learning attitude and interpersonal relationships, especially with respect to “instrumental behavior.”
Findings and conclusion in this research could be used as a reference for school, administrators, parents, teachers and future researchers to promote practice in operation and future research.