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URN etd-0511113-170947
Author Hsueh-Fung Wu
Author's Email Address No Public.
Statistics This thesis had been viewed 5361 times. Download 666 times.
Department Business Management
Year 2012
Semester 2
Degree Ph.D.
Type of Document
Language English
Title How Firms Create Value in a Dual Technological Regime: The Case of Global Integrated Circuit Design Industry
Date of Defense 2013-06-11
Page Count 106
Keyword
  • Schumpeter mark I and II
  • innovation ecosystem
  • legitimacy problem
  • technology outsourcing
  • patent portfolio analysis
  • modularit
  • Abstract This thesis explores the technological characteristics, R&D and technology outsourcing strategies of different types of firms in an industry with a typical dual technological regime. In contrast to the previous literature that usually uses total number of owned patents to assess a high-tech firm’s innovative capabilities, this thesis distinguishes a large firm’s patents between those developed internally and externally, and further between those belonging to different technology categories (patent classes). Based on the principal component analysis and other statistical techniques with regard to the patent portfolios of large IC design firms, this thesis makes several contributions to understanding the subtleties of a complex industrial innovation ecosystem, as follow: (i) Aggregately speaking, the outcomes of small firms’ R&D activities are quite similar to those of large leader firms’, especially in terms of technology classes. (ii) It is common that large follower firms duplicate the leader firms’ technologies by outsourcing from small firms. In other words, small firms are main vehicles for large follower firms to acquire technologies similar to those owned by large leader firms. (iii) Large leader firms emphasize the novelty of technologies when transacting with small firms, while large follower firms emphasize the complementarity of technologies. (iv) Generally, large leader firms acquire less external technologies and from more dispersed sources than large follower ones. (v) Given a level of source dispersion, the relationship between the intensity of technology outsourcing and the value creating performance of R&D activities is inversely U-shaped. It seems that most of large IC design firms engage in too much external technology acquisition, and vice versa for smaller ones. Among the large follower firms, MediaTek is the most outstanding one, with the highest R&D profitability and the second highest sales growth. Based on the longitudinal, event-level, and quantitative analysis of MediaTek’s case, I postulate: (i) To avoid market leader’s retaliation, a market follower is prone to adopt a generic technology strategy, which will facilitate the application of a product line extension strategy. (ii) To effectively and efficiently leverage R&D resources across the firm boundary, a market follower is very likely to choose modularity as its main product innovation approach. (iii) To address the challenges of higher partner uncertainty associated with the network supporting the modular product innovation approach, a market follower will tend to select equity with higher ownership stake (over 50%) as its main network governance mode. (iv) A market follower might achieve fast but not unlimited technological catch-up.
    Advisory Committee
  • Iuan-Yuan Lu - chair
  • Chang-Yung Liu - co-chair
  • Chin-Tein Lee - co-chair
  • Chu-Siung Lin - co-chair
  • Victor Wei-Chi Liu - advisor
  • Jen-Jsung, Huang - advisor
  • Files
  • etd-0511113-170947.pdf
  • Indicate in-campus at 1 year and off-campus access at 2 year.
    Date of Submission 2013-06-11

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