||The significance of Cultural and Creative Industries(CCI) has had numbers of controversies, but it still belongs to an industry and has potential and benefits in economy. From the aspect of industry development, the phenomenon and the occurrence of cluster effect can recognize the maturity and competitiveness of the industry. Moreover, cultural creation that belongs to the connotations of the industrial cluster effect seems to have some differences from the traditional industry. Government considers cultural creation as the strength and development of a national economy, so it decrees the strategies and the policies which still belong to the developing thinking of traditional industry. Therefore, it is possible to find out that cluster effect is important and effective for CCI development which directs industrial parks, but it still has various aspects of considerations which need to be improved. In addition, from the theory of creative clusters, it mentions the concept of Creative Milieu, which occurs in city among neighborhoods. Observing the current status of Taiwan, creative neighborhood is gradually forming and developing stably. The cluster effect seems to be more active than Cultural and Creative Industries Park, so it is worthy to deeply research the development models of creative neighborhood for the economic effects and potential development of CCI.|
This research attempts to analyze the current structure and development of CCI in Taiwan through creative clusters theory, to explore the advantages of two modes which are Cultural and Creative Industries Park and Creative Neighborhood, and to discuss what form is more suitable for the development of CCI. Through interviews of organization building cultural and creative neighborhood, interviews of the professionals and industry brand, and personal involvement and observation in both fields, including Creative Neighborhood and Cultural and Creative Industries Park, using philosophy researching method to inquiry, reflect, and verify on the phenomenon; moreover, adopting survey method to collect questionnaires from CCI stores, and to investigate the viewpoint of both of Creative Clusters and Creative Milieu in order to permit the actual situation. By the multiple aspects information, we can conclude the development of CCI, and their respective advantages and appropriate position of the industries parks and neighborhoods.
Eventually, whether Creative Clusters succeeds or not, it is not related to the actual output of the industry. Today, we talk about creative cluster, it still depends on the accumulation of creative capital. However, due to the features of cultural and creative output, creative capital doesn’t necessarily turn into economic benefits directly. Therefore, the markets (consumers) need to face Industries Park, but the production (creation, creative) should face Creative Neighborhood. Furthermore, cultural and creative value is divided into intangible and tangible. Creative capital has both of creation and economic production, but its intangible value is much more important. Therefore, when CCI only concerns about their output value, it can’t keep running the industry because of the loss, unsustainable content and spirit. However, it is interesting that the continuing development of the industry needs output value to support itself, so CCI seems to have this dilemma. It can’t be diffusely extended toward economic scale, and it should face the commercial market.