||Innovation policy can be regarded as drive force to facilitate technology, knowledge, and economic developing as well as organizational innovation and technology innovation. These can be formed triangle innovation model, which led to strengthen key success factors of the national innovation system. Consequently, the organization innovation is an antecedent to the technology innovation in which they can realize complementarity each other in innovation processes. The relationship among the innovation policy, organization innovation, and technological innovation capability is crucial issue in the practices and academic. Essentially, due to the different existing of the contextual in regional innovation and industrial innovation system, may have different influence factors and concerns and thus to be discussed separately. |
In regarding to regional innovation system, the relationship among innovation policy, organization innovation, and technological innovation capability was explored in China’ regional innovation system. First, we examined and clarified what kinds of the relationship existing above innovation elements. Second, this study examines the mediating effect of technological innovation capability for the relationship between organization innovation and firm performances. Finally, we clarify the moderating role of government innovation policy on the effect of innovation striving processes. Empirically, we collect original 323 high-tech firm-level data as our sample from emerging Pearl River Delta (PRD), China. Using survey data from PRD, we employ the structural equation modeling (SEM) to test our hypotheses. We found that the organization innovation is positively and significantly associated with technological innovation capability. Consequently, the technological innovation capability is positively and significantly related to the firm performances. In addition, a mediating effect is found between the technological innovation capability, organization innovation, and firm performances. In particular, results indicate that the positive effect of innovation policy on firms’ performance become more weaken when innovation policy greatly intervene in complementary nature on organizational and technological innovation in their innovative activity. The results imply that a high degree of innovation policy intervene in innovation activity may lead to overly government subsidy and thus weaken the input of innovation resources.
In regarding to industrial innovation system, this study investigates the mediating effect of technological innovation capability on the innovation policy and product performance, and consequently to identify their relations. Furthermore, we use questionnaire survey to collecting our data, using the SEM as an analysis method to test our hypotheses, 193 high-tech firms was obtaining as samples from Shenzhen Science and Technology Park in Guangzhou, China. Based on statistics analysis of data from our survey, we found that innovation policy is positively and significantly related to technological innovation capability. We also found that the research and development (R&D) capability, organization capability, and strategic planning capability are positively and significantly associated with product performances. At the same time, our results indicate that learning capability, manufacturing capability, and marketing capability appear no significantly related to product performances. However, the technological innovation capability plays fully moderating effect between innovation policy and product performances.
Overall, we find that the government innovation policy has moderating impacts on the relationship between the organization innovation, technological innovation capability, and firm performance. We discuss the conclusions, managerial implication, and future direction of our findings for research on innovation theory and highlight how they impact managers in practices.