||In the past 30 years, the Chinese government has shown a positive interest to the issues of human rights and have actively signed important international agreements related to these issues. From an academic perspective, how to explain the motivations and patterns behind the Chinese participation to the international human rights? China is an authoritarian country with a peculiar political, economic and social development background, and a permanent member of the UN security council, our research attempts to look into the interaction between China and the standards and regulations of the International human rights system from the perspective of multilateral, bilateral, and internalization of human rights.|
We try to investigate the influence the international human rights system has on China and see whether China’s response is complying or opposing. Our findings show that Chinese attitude to the norms of the international human rights is both opposing and compliant.The main reasons behind China opposing these norms are its persistence in its traditional beliefs, the respect of its sovereignty, and the importance of collective human rights, survival and economic development. From a bilateral level, the USA uses the human rights diplomacy combined with the most favored nation benefits to get China to improve human right conditions.
However, Chinese persistence in the respect of its sovereignty and non-interference in its internal policies has led the United States to disunite Trade and human right in 1994. Even though the bilateral and multilateral perspectives help to understand the interaction between China and the international human rights standards, they do not explain the initiatives taken by Beijing to improve its human rights policies and to strengthen its relation with with the international community.
From a unilateral level, under the influence of the internal human rights standards, China is aware of the importance of its image as a country, therefore it naturally created a learning and socialization process which led to human internalization.
From a tri-dimension perspective, this thesis attempts to build a new research framework, which will help to explain not only the interaction between China and the international human rights standards, but also to better understand the nature and characteristics of these issues.