|| The mass in Classical period was greatly influenced by symphonic style, especially by the form and the instrumental elements. The Enlightenment and the Religious Reformation in Austria also deeply affected the composer’s attitude toward composing mass movements in late 18th century. Haydn was recognized as the master at that time. His late sacred works include six masses and the two remarkable oratorios. Though they may not be as famous as his great symphonies and instrumental works, these works are regarded as the climax of church music in Classical period. Haydn’s late masses all share the common structure and text settings, and Lord Nelson Mass is one of them. However, it is quite unique in its D minor key, orchestration, and music expression. It not only shows the refined skill of Haydn, but also reveals his yearning for freedom, unconventional expression, and personal style.|
This thesis consists of five chapters. The first one is the introduction. The second chapter is about the background and the style of Haydn’s six late masses, particularly focusing on Lord Nelson Mass. The third chapter displays thorough analysis of each movement of Lord Nelson Mass. The fourth chapter presents the discussion about the performance practice of Classical period in choir size, tempo, dynamic, phrasing, articulation, tone quality, and expression, which should be taken into consideration when performing Lord Nelson Mass. The final chapter draws conclusions from the study.