||The poetry of Tang, and the chis of Song are both the greatest literary styles in Chinese literature. Chis was widespread in Tang Dynasty, Five Dynasty and Ten-Kindom preiod, and Song Dynasty. During these periods, the names of chis had been changed and the amount had enlarged as well. Some of chis were used quite often and became the top ten songs. However; some of them only used few times, then disappeared. From those chis, the rise and fall of the dynasties, the news of societies and their cultural orientation were revealed. The relationship of the tune and the content of chis was the source of the authors’ inspiration. Therefore, the relationship of the tune and the content of chis is important. |
To be the researcher of chis, it is necessary to realize the origin of chis and make a thorough understanding of them. So as to the study of chis. In the dissertation, the researcher started from quantitative and qualitative methods, as well as counted the number of tunes, sorted by “the rules of chis” of萬樹 (Qing Dynasty) and 838 tunes of chis. It was concluded that the authors of chis in Tang Dynasty, Five-Dynasty and Ten-Kindom period and Song Dynasty often used traditional culture and folk tales as metaphor and construct the principles of chis.
This dessertation was divided into six parts. Except of introduction and conclusion, there are four chapters which contain one dynasty respectively. Tang Dynasty, Five-Dynasty and Ten-Kindom preiod, and Song Dynasty, were three important periods when chis emerged, expand and mature. The development of chis was discussed in chapter two, three, and four, respectively. By studying initial chis of the authors in these three periods, the relationship of the tune and the content of chis was concluded in chapter five, which is the major point of this dessertation. Hopefully, the relationship among the different authors, various places, and dynasties could be revealed. Therefore, to study “ how did the people at that time handle the tune of chis?” is very important. The authors of the tonal pattern and rhyme scheme was the tune of chis, which was formed in the court music of Sui Dynasty. In Five-Dynasty and Ten-Kindom preiod, court music, foreign music and folk music combined into chis. This new literature style described the happiness or sadness of the people at that time and sutisfied their emotional needs.
The conclusions of this dessertation
1.The relationship of the tune and the content of chis is determined.
2.The tune of chis is related to its content when it initialed. However, the tune and its content were enlarged and changed in Song Dynasty.
3.The sentences in chis were similar to those in poetry. The intertextuality might deserve to be discussed in further study.