||The purpose of this research is to apply an adaptive fuel injection control algorithm on a motorcycle engine and evaluate its performance. A highly nonlinear switching type EGO sensor is used to measure the air fuel ratio of the engine. In the research, the nonlinear control algorithm is developed based on a Lyapunov function. Furthermore, an observer is also applied to estimate the air flow rate into the combustion room, The results show that the air fuel ratio and engine speed are stable under steady manoeuvres and the air-fuel ration values are satisfactory.|
This articls studied water-gasoline emulsion for reducing the NOX emissions of a motorcycle engine. Emulsified gasoline fuels of 0, 5, 10 and 15% water by volume were used in a four-stroke,125 cc, port injection, spark-ignition engine. Both full throttle speed ranging from 2,000 to 7,000 rpm and low load were tested. The engine torque, fuel consumption, exhaust emissions and combustion characteristics were investigated. The experimental results show that the engine torque and fuel consumption are improved for 5 and 10% water emulsions. However, at 15%, the engine torque and fuel consumption deteriorate and the exhaust temperature is increased owing to slow burn rate. The exhaust emissions of NOX and CO decrease as the water percentage in the emulsion increases. A higher oxygen concentration in exhaust gas of emulsified fuel was found, which results in lower CO emission. The HC emission is increased with increasing water content, which might be caused by the thicker quench layer of emulsified fuel combustion. An appropriate concentration of water in the emulsified gasoline fuel for a 125 cc motorcycle engine is found to 10%.