||The more booming of development of technology in Taiwan, the more attention is given to marine resources. The exploitation of marine resources brings outstanding benefits for local economy, but it also causes a huge impact on the marine ecosystem. In order to mitigate the impact of marine pollution incidents on Taiwan’s marine ecosystem, much more importance should be attached to implementing aggressive ways of the prevention and control of marine pollution and the establishment of the Regional Marine Pollution Emergency Response System. In Taiwan’s existing response mechanism for dealing with domestic marine oil pollution incident, the local competent authority is responsible for most heavy workloads in the initial phase of response. This is difficult to reach an effective way of collaboration. The local competent authority has insufficient response resources (i.e. personnel and equipment) or deficiency in notification process that will result in overlook the appropriate response to marine oil pollution incident in the first instance. In Taiwan’s local competent authority, personnel who in charge of managing marine oil pollution equipment are mostly short of qualified mechanical experience. The response equipment is vulnerable to poor maintenance, may further impact the operations of mechanical equipment for spilt oil recovery and mitigation of pollution spreading.|
This study compressively assesses the applicability and adequacy of Taiwan’s capabilities in response to marine spill contingency by sorting out the application of mechanical recovery equipment for oil pollution response, the characteristics of spilt oil, foreign and domestic organizations for oil pollution response, and the analysis of risk area for vessel-based spills in Taiwan waters. On top of that assessment, this research further studies the set-up of weathering conditions for spilt oil, the estimation of clean-up capabilities at sea and on shore, and developing a methodology for assessing capabilities in response to marine spill contingency. The domestic tactics of applying mechanical equipment for spilt oil clean-up are also discussed, and further recommendations（i.e. options in the situation of equipment shortage, viable direction for improvement of capabilities） are made for enhancing operational efficiency in response to future marine oil pollution emergency.