|| The elderly population of Taiwan reached 149 million (about 7% of the total number of people in Taiwan) in 1993, the number renders that Taiwan was changing into an ageing society in the near future. Since 2000 the domestic TFR (total fertility rate) had been declining to 0.9, the number represents that Taiwan became one the lowest TFR nations of the world, and facing a severe struggle of aging and low birth rate.|
Chapter on the Great Commonwealth of Peace and Prosperity mentioned that “Privision is made of the aged till their death”, which means this society should be prepared for the geriatric. Now a days, more and more people choose to marry at a mature age or stay single; and further, the fertility desire of married is declining so that many people tend to not have more than one child. Hence those children would face potential issues of the age gap between parent and children. Whether the young adults have the ability to afford their parental retire life? While the others who had no children to take care of their retire life?
The purpose of this dissertation is to concentrate upon the laws and decrees, related government policies, conditions of elder care and rehabilitation, and further concerning with phenomenon and theories of aging and social welfare discussion to investigating the insufficient factors which might not fit for the current aging environment, in order to make each elder could live with respect and liberty.
Base on the reasons aforementioned, the elder care system could be reinforced by several aspects as below:
1. Concept: people should realize that idea geriatric nursing and care is relied on themselves and public support. 2. System: well coordination between related departments could provide people integrated and qualified service. 3. Pragmatic: completed geriatric care should combine with substantial appliance and software supply.
Furthermore, the growth of aging population is going to be a thriving market with potential commercial possibility, in other words, the silver economy would be regarded as a direction for the future development; moreover, in the aspect of social participation, the knowledge, experience and techniques of elders are rare and recommendable resource. The society could use those resources wisely, and let the elders to have various opportunities to contribute their ability for the public.