||Several studies have found that some victims who have been attacked many have|
a tendency of self-blame. However, existing scales of self-blame are not applicable
for the situation of school bullying, and many of them lack validity. The aim of this
research is to construct the Bullied-Victim Self-Blame Scale (BSBS), and to verify the
reliability and validity by Rasch measurement. Furthermore, the different roles and
scenarios different in self-blame are analyzed and examined.
The participants in this study were 1,230 students of grades 5 to 9, with an
average age of 12.6 years. The BSBS was constructed by the researcher, and analyzed
with the rating scale model (RSM) of the Rasch model.
It was found that the BSBS has good reliability and validity. The Cronbach’s
alpha reliability figures was .92 and there was no differential item functioning (DIF)
between genders. In addition, the tendency of self-blame and depression was
positively associated. In terms of different roles, it is noted that bully/victims have a
higher self-blame in the bullying scenarios than victims, but no difference is found in
the general scenarios between bully/victims and victims. As for scenarios difference,
the tendency of self-blame in the general scenarios is significantly higher than the
bullying scenarios by all roles. The development in BSBS and the strategies for
reducing self-blame are discussed in the last section in light of these findings.