博碩士論文 etd-0821112-182718 詳細資訊


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姓名 李建祥(Chien-Hsiang Lee) 電子郵件信箱 E-mail 資料不公開
畢業系所 資訊管理學系研究所(Information Management)
畢業學位 博士(Ph.D.) 畢業時期 100學年第2學期
論文名稱(中) 一套支援彈性化服務組合與資料整合的Web服務組合模式
論文名稱(英) A Web Service Composition Model in Support of Flexible Service Composition and Data Integration
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    摘要(中) 雖然再用網路服務(Web service)的效益已被廣泛認同,但組合既存的網路服務以實現不同的商務需求,依然是一項困難且耗時的任務。有鑒於此,一些研究提出工作流程樣版或設計範型等方法,促進再用並簡化服務組合的負擔。然而,工作流程樣版法所定義的流程缺乏彈性而設計範型法則是提供抽象的設計概念與原則,面對多變的環境和多樣的需求,這些方法能改善服務組合的效能有限。提升網路組合效能以面對多變與多樣的環境,是強化企業敏捷性與競爭力的關鍵技術。鑒於目前研究文獻在提升服務組合效能方面的不足,本論文提出一個完備的服務範型模式(service pattern model),以定義具備功能彈性的服務範型(service pattern)。與既有的研究比較,它可定義具功能彈性的流程,並可遵循系統化的步驟快速建構可執行的網路組合。本模式除了包含目前網路組合技術具備的元素外,也提出了獨特性的設計階段流程控制單元與設想型服務(prospect service)等元素。再者,為提升網路組合的效率,本研究也發展了一套邏輯推論方法,能自動地決定服務範型的組態,建構可執行的網路組合。另一方面,本論文針對網路組合的訊息格式不一致議題,提出一個能表達網路服務的資料模式,稱為WS-data model,它擴充關聯式資料模式的資料操作元,能整合網路服務呼叫和訊息處理的網路組合執行計畫於一個查詢樹,解決網路組合訊息不一致的問題並兼顧執行最佳化的計算。此一模式的操作元,也整合入前述服務範型模式,描述工作流程中網路服務間訊息交換處理的需求,促成服務範型模式能完備地描述網路組合的各類流程需求。最後,本研究也設計並執行二個實驗,以評估所提模式的可行性。根據實驗的結果,自動化服務範型組態推論,能有效率地決定正確組態值,以快速建構可執行的網路組合;而另一個部署到Amazon EC2執行的網路組合實驗,也確實反應WS-data model的最佳化計算,能正確地找出執行時間最短的網路組合執行計畫。
    摘要(英) Although the benefits of reusing services have been widely acknowledged, composing existing services to realize different user requirements is still a difficult and time consuming task. There have been research works on workflow templates and service design patterns that offer a higher level of reuse and assist in the composition process. Yet existing workflow templates are too specific and service design patterns may be too abstract and their effectiveness in assisting the composition process may be limited. In this dissertation, we propose a comprehensive service pattern model that is more flexible than existing workflow/service templates while allowing systematic instantiation into some concrete workflows. The service pattern supports flow control, abstract services, and prospect services (similar to a node in a design pattern). Also, we develop a set of reasoning rules to automatically verify and determine the assignment of instantiation parameters in service pattern. In addition, recent research into automated Web service composition focuses on control flow specification and enforcement. Traditionally, message mismatch between Web services appears as an orthogonal problem that can be solved using XML-based query languages. This study instead considers Web service composition and message manipulation holistically to support greater optimization of Web service composition. A proposed model, the WS-data model, focuses on data exchanges in composing Web services. Several operators with varying properties can be used to compose Web services and manipulate their input and output data. Experiments conducted on the Amazon Cloud platform show that these operators’ properties can be used to develop a more efficient way for realizing a complex task, expressed according to the proposed WS-data model. It is hoped that the proposed models and automated reasoning of instantiation parameters assignment will realize the benefits of SOA in the real business settings.
    關鍵字(中)
  • 網路服務組合
  • 後設模式
  • 服務範型
  • 關鍵字(英)
  • Web service composition
  • service pattern
  • meta-model
  • 論文目次 論文審定書 i
    誌 謝 ii
    摘 要 iii
    ABSTRACT iv
    CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1
    CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE REVIEW 11
    2.1 AUTOMATED WEB SERVICE COMPOSITION 11
    2.2 FLEXIBLE SERVICE COMPOSITION AND SERVICE DESIGN PATTERNS 12
    2.3 MESSAGE MISMATCH RESOLUTION 15
    CHAPTER 3 WS-DATA MODEL 18
    3.1 WS-DATA TREE AND FOREST 18
    3.2 WS-DATA ALGEBRA 20
    3.3 EQUIVALENCE RULES 26
    3.4 THE REPRESENTATION OF WEB SERVICE COMPOSITION 28
    3.5 WS-DATA COST MODEL 30
    3.6 COMPARISON WITH OTHER DATA COMPOSITION MODEL 31
    CHAPTER 4 SERVICE PATTERN MODEL 34
    4.1 THE MOTIVATING EXAMPLES 34
    4.2 THE DEFINITION OF SERVICE PATTERN MODEL 39
    4.2.1 Prospect service 40
    4.2.2 Adaptable workflow template 41
    4.2.3 Service pattern model 43
    4.3 THE INSTANTIATION OF SERVICE PATTERN 49
    4.3.1 The instantiation for stock replenishment 49
    4.3.2 The instantiation for profit computation 53
    4.3.3 The instantiation for order fulfillment 57
    4.3.4 The instantiation for a new business process 61
    4.4 COMPARISON WITH OTHER SERVICE COMPOSITION MODELS 65
    CHAPTER 5 OPTIMIZING WS-DATA EXPRESSIONS AND PERFORMANCE EVALUATIONS 69
    5.1 PERFORMANCE OF WS-DATA OPERATORS 69
    5.2 COST ESTIMATION AND OPTIMIZATION PROCEDURE 70
    5.3 THE PERFORMANCE COMPARISON ON AMAZON CLOUD 74
    CHAPTER 6 AUTOMATED INSTANTIATION PARAMETERS ASSIGNMENT AND PERFORMANCE EVALUATIONS 76
    6.1 THE SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE 76
    6.2 THE FACTS CREATION 77
    6.3 INFERENCE RULES 79
    6.3.1 Matching rules in the first stage 79
    6.3.2 Alignment rules in the second stage 80
    6.3.3 Goal checking rule in the third stage 85
    6.4 THE PERFORMANCE EVALUATIONS 87
    CHAPTER 7 CONCLUSIONS 94
    REFERENCE 97
    APPENDIX: THE INFERENCE RULES IN JESS 100
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    口試委員
  • 劉敦仁 - 召集委員
  • 曾守正 - 委員
  • 林福仁 - 委員
  • 嚴逸玲 - 指導教授
  • 黃三益 - 指導教授
  • 口試日期 2011-09-26 繳交日期 2012-08-21

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