博碩士論文 etd-0727106-002258 詳細資訊


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姓名 陳佳馨(Chia-Hsin Chen) 電子郵件信箱 E-mail 資料不公開
畢業系所 企業管理學系研究所(Business Management)
畢業學位 碩士(Master) 畢業時期 94學年第2學期
論文名稱(中) 忠誠度方案門檻對消費者獎酬選擇偏好之影響
-以貨幣成本為調節變數
論文名稱(英) The Effects of Effort Requirement on Consumer Preferences Towards Loyalty Program Rewards
-The Moderating Effect of Monetary Cost
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    摘要(中) 忠誠度方案近年來倍受各企業的重視,透過鼓勵經常性購買進而維持顧客長期關係,使得忠誠度方案成為企業最重要的經營策略之一。其主要體制為企業基於特定的產品與服務之累積性購買主動提供獎勵以回饋消費者。由於留住現有顧客的成本為爭取新顧客成本的六分之一,因此顧客忠誠度方案日漸重要,然而國內相關研究仍有所欠缺。因此本研究期望藉由探討忠誠度方案門檻及獎勵誘因之關連,提供企業更有效的忠誠度方案規劃方式。
    忠誠度方案門檻對消費者獎酬選擇偏好之影響為本研究主要探討目的,並加入貨幣成本為調節變數探討其干擾效果。本研究採2x2樣本間因子實驗設計,有效樣本數為259份,並以SPSS統計軟體針對樣本進行單因子變異數分析。其研究結果如下:
    (1) 當忠誠度方案門檻提高時,消費者對於娛樂品獎酬之偏好相較於實用品獎酬會增加。其原因為對於娛樂品消費產生之罪惡感會藉由所付諸之努力成本提高而降低,因而提高娛樂品消費。
    (2) 當貨幣成本加入忠誠度方案,消費者需支付部份現金以獲得獎酬時,不論低門檻或高門檻要求,消費者對於娛樂品獎酬之偏好會減少,相對的實用品獎酬之偏好會增加。
    (3) 當貨幣成本加入忠誠度方案時,提高努力要求門檻並不會增加消費者對於娛樂品獎酬之偏好。結果顯示貨幣成本對於樣本的影響過高以致於減滅了結論一的效果。
    本研究共有四個行銷意涵。第一,忠誠度方案中,提供實用品獎酬較娛樂品獎酬更為適當。企業應提供較多的實用品獎酬來吸引消費者加入忠誠度方案。第二,當忠誠度方案門檻提高時,企業可加入較多的娛樂品於獎勵誘因中。第三,忠誠度方案之消費者藉由累積努力以獲得企業獎酬而非實質金錢消費,因此可視為降低娛樂品消費之罪惡感之原因。故企業可視高門檻忠誠度方案中之娛樂品獎酬為一行銷宣傳工具。第四,當貨幣成本加入忠誠度方案時,不論低門檻或高門檻努力要求,企業可放入更多實用品於獎酬比重中。
    摘要(英) Loyalty program, which is to encourage frequent purchasing and to maintain customer long-term relationships, has become a key marketing tool in various industries. The framework of the program is to provide reward incentives based on the cumulative purchases for certain products or services. Researches show that the cost of customer retention is approximately six times lower than that of customer acquisition. Although the importance of such program rises, few researches are made related to the topic. Thus, this study is aimed at exploring the relationships between loyalty effort requirement and reward incentives in order to provide better and more efficient loyalty programs for enterprises.

    The effects of effort requirement on consumer preferences towards loyalty program rewards are evaluated. In addition, monetary cost acts as moderator is added in to examine the moderating effect. A 2x2 between-subject experimental design with approximately 259 sampling subjects is adopted in the study and the results are analyzed by One-Way ANOVA aided by SPSS software. The results of this study are as follows:
    (1) Increasing the effort requirement of loyalty programs will increase consumer preference for hedonic rewards rather than utilitarian rewards. The reason for this is that long streams of effort required for loyalty programs may serve as reasons to justify and reduce the guilt for hedonic rewards selections and consumptions.
    (2) When monetary costs are added to loyalty programs, no matter at low or high effort requirements, consumer preferences for hedonic rewards will decrease and in contract, preferences for utilitarian rewards will increase.
    (3) When monetary costs are added to loyalty programs, increasing the effort requirement of loyalty programs will not increase consumer preference for hedonic rewards. This may due to the strong monetary costs effect on the sampling subjects that ends up easing the effect of result one.
    Four marketing implementations for this study could be drawn. First, utilitarian rewards are more appropriate as loyalty program incentives than hedonic rewards. Marketers could provide more utilitarian rewards in loyalty programs as incentives to attract more participants. Second, as loyalty program effort requirement increases, hedonic rewards could be added in the reward mix to attract consumers. Third, loyalty program, which provide rewards by accumulative effort rather than money expenditure, may serve as a justification for hedonic rewards consumption. Thus, hedonic rewards could serve as promotion tool for high effort requirement loyalty programs. Finally, when monetary costs are added to loyalty programs, marketers could weight more utilitarian rewards in reward mix regardless effort requirement levels.
    關鍵字(中)
  • 娛樂品獎酬
  • 忠誠度方案
  • 門檻
  • 貨幣成本
  • 獎酬之偏好
  • 關鍵字(英)
  • Loyalty Program
  • Effort Requirement
  • Monetary Cost
  • Reward Preferences
  • Hedonic Rewards
  • 論文目次 Chapter I Introduction...1
    1. Research Motivation...1
    2. Research Objectives...3
    Chapter II Literature Review...4
    1. Loyalty Program ...4
    2. Hedonic and Utilitarian Products...5
    3. The Effect of Effort Requirement Level on Reward Preference...8
    4. The Impact of Monetary Cost as a Moderator on Reward Preference...10
    5. Smoothing the Impacts of Monetary Cost on Reward Preference...13
    Chapter III Research Methodology...16
    1. Research Framework and Hypotheses...16
    2. Research Hypotheses...17
    3. Pilot Study Design...19
    4. Results of Pilot Study...21
    (1) Personal Information...21
    (2) Selection of Loyalty Program Rewards...22
    (3) Selection of Effort Requirement Levels...24
    5. Actual Study Design...24
    (1) Selection of Loyalty Programs...27
    (2) Selection of Target Samples...27
    (3) Selection of Loyalty Program Rewards...27
    (4) Selection of Effort Requirement Levels...29
    6. Sampling Subjects...30
    Chapter IV Data Analyses...31
    1. Results of Actual Study...31
    (1) Personal Information...31
    (2) Effects of Effort Requirement and Monetary Cost on Reward Preference...32
    2. Summary of Test Result...37
    Chapter V Conclusion and Suggestion...38
    1. Marketing Implications...38
    2. Research Limitations and Suggestions for Future Research...41
    Reference ...45
    Appendix...51
    1. Appendix I: Pilot Study Questionnaire...51
    2. Appendix II: Actual Study Questionnaire A...55
    3. Appendix III: Actual Study Questionnaire B...57
    4. Appendix IV: Actual Study Questionnaire C...59
    5. Appendix V: Actual Study Questionnaire D...61
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    口試委員
  • 盧淵源 - 召集委員
  • 趙沛 - 委員
  • 梁慧玫 - 指導教授
  • 黃俊英 - 指導教授
  • 口試日期 2006-06-16 繳交日期 2006-07-27

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