博碩士論文 etd-0127110-173701 詳細資訊


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姓名 謝如梅(Ru-Mei Hsieh) 電子郵件信箱 E-mail 資料不公開
畢業系所 企業管理學系研究所(Business Management)
畢業學位 博士(Ph.D.) 畢業時期 98學年第1學期
論文名稱(中) 創業認知觀點下的機會辨識過程:以創業警覺能力為中介變項
論文名稱(英) Opportunity Recognition Process of the Entrepreneurial Cognitions View: Entrepreneurial Alertness as a Mediator
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    摘要(中) 機會是創業活動中的核心,而創業者若能辨識到具有潛力之機會,將影響整個新企業的未來發展。本研究著眼於最初期的機會辨識過程,發現過去研究均強調先前知識與社會網絡對於機會辨識之重要性,然而,此一論點並無法說明個人辨識機會的認知過程。因此本文旨在填補理論上對於中介機制的缺口,試圖從創業認知觀點,提出研究發問:「個人如何 (how)將所擁有之知識與資訊進行認知運作,並轉換成創業機會辨識成果之過程?」
    本研究根據Kirzner (1973)所提出之「創業警覺 (entrepreneurial alertnss)」概念,強調此種創業警覺能力是創業者獨具的感知能力與詮釋能力,能夠有助於個人注意、理解、思考與詮釋目前市場上的資訊與發展狀況,進而辨識出創新程度較高、數量較多之機會。
    在研究方法部分,共進行3個子研究,首先,由於現有研究缺乏創業警覺能力之測量工具,「研究1」之目的在於為建構信效度良好之創業警覺能力量表。其次,「研究2」為進行一個小型的實驗設計研究,以確認先前知識與創業警覺能力對於機會辨識數量的影響力。最後,「研究3」則是收集大量問卷調查數據,針對本研究之整體模式架構進行驗證。
    研究結果發現:1. 創業警覺能力是個人辨識創業機會的重要認知能力,亦受到先前知識與專業網絡之影響。2. 欲辨識出創新的機會,個人需藉由市場知識,所建構出的良好知識架構與認知能力,來理解與預測創新機會的存在與發展。3. 欲辨識出創新的機會,個人需藉由專業網絡獲取資訊,所建構出的良好知識架構與認知能力,來理解與預測創新機會的存在與發展。
    本研究在理論上建構一機會辨識過程之完整模式,並發展創業警覺能力量表以及實證調查,應有助於後續研究者更進一步探討機會辨識之內涵。在實務上,研究者將提出對於創業教育及實務創業者之建議。
    摘要(英) Opportunity has emerged as a focal point in the field of entrepreneurship and recognizing potential opportunities is the first step of new venture creation. A number of studies acknowledge the contributions of prior knowledge and social networks in explaining opportunity recognition. However, previous research ignored the importance of cognitive process. Thus, the purpose of this study is filling the research gap of the mediation mechanism in this process. Through the entrepreneurial cognitions view lens, this research goes a step further by asking:”how do individuals conclude that an opportunity from their prior knowledge and information?”
    Entrepreneurial alertness, first used by Kirzner (1973) has been identified as a major factor in the process of opportunity recognition. We equate this cognitive ability with entrepreneurial alertness, proposing that this bridges the gap between knowledge/information and the innovativeness/number of opportunities.
    There are 3 studies in this research; first, Study 1 developed a scale of entrepreneurial alertness. Secondly, Study 2 conducted an experimental design research to test the relationships between prior knowledge, entrepreneurial alertness, and the number of opportunities. Thirdly, Study 3 collected large numbers sample to test the full model. Results indicate that prior knowledge and social networks had positive effects on entrepreneurial alertness. Moreover, entrepreneurial alertness was positively associated with the innovativeness and number of opportunities. In the mediating effect, interpretation ability was partially mediated the relationship between prior knowledge of markets, professional networks and opportunity recognition.
    This study contributed theoretical and practical implications. Future directions for research are described, and its practical implications for entrepreneurship education and entrepreneurs are examined.
    關鍵字(中)
  • 機會辨識
  • 社會網絡
  • 先前知識
  • 創業警覺能力
  • 關鍵字(英)
  • opportunity recognition
  • prior knowledge
  • social networks
  • entrepreneurial alertness
  • 論文目次 第一章 緒論
    第一節 研究背景………………………………………………………………1
    第二節 研究動機………………………………………………………………4
    第三節 研究目的與問題……………………………………………………..10
    第四節 研究範疇……………………………………………………………..13
    第五節 研究方法取向………………………………………………………..15
    第六節 研究流程……………………………………………………………..16
    第二章 文獻探討
    第一節 創業理論之回顧……………………………………………………..18
    第二節 創業機會的內涵……………………………………………………..25
    第三節 創業警覺能力………………………………………………………..32
    第四節 先前知識……………………………………………………………..41
    第五節 社會網絡……………………………………………………………..45
    第六節 假說推論與研究架構………………………………………………..50
    第三章 研究方法
    第一節 研究設計與方法……………………………………………………..58
    第二節 研究1:創業警覺能力量表發展之研究設計………………………62
    第三節 研究2:實驗設計之研究設計………………………………………69
    第四節 研究3:問卷調查之研究設計………………………………………73
    第五節 資料分析方法………………………………………………………..79
    第四章 研究結果分析
    第一節 研究1:創業警覺能力量表發展之結果分析……………………… 80
    第二節 研究2:研究結果分析……………………………………………….85
    第三節 研究3:研究結果分析………………………………………………87
    第五章 討論與發現
    第一節 結果討論與分析……………………………………………………..96
    第二節 研究發現………………………………………………………….. 102
    第六章 研究結論
    第一節 研究貢獻與意涵………………………………………..………….106
    第二節 實務貢獻與意涵……………………………………………………107
    第三節 研究限制與未來研究建議…………………………………………117
    參考文獻……………………………………………………………………………120
    附錄一:創業警覺性測量題項版本整理…………………………………………131
    附錄二:青輔會「98年飛雁專案-女性創業育成班」……………………………132
    附錄三:創業創新養成學苑計畫…………………………..…………………….133
    附錄四:研究問卷…………………………………………..……………………134
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    口試委員
  • 陳家聲 - 召集委員
  • 方世杰 - 委員
  • 李清潭 - 委員
  • 蔡敦浩 - 委員
  • 劉常勇 - 指導教授
  • 梁慧玫 - 指導教授
  • 口試日期 2009-12-23 繳交日期 2010-01-27

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